The final stage in the appointment of a clergyman to a benefice, following presentation and institution, or collation. It was at this point that the clergyman took possession of the temporalities of the benefice. After institution the ordinary (usually the bishop) would issue a mandate to the archdeacon or other empowered person to carry out the induction, which involved laying the hands of the clergyman being appointed on the doors of the church and the tolling of a bell. Induction did not normally take place on the same day as institution. In the CCEd, this event is not normally recorded, and will usually only be found in instances where records of institutions are deficient. Where inductions are recorded, the evidence for the event may be derived either from a record of the induction itself or from the issuing of an induction mandate.