A living exempt from the standard ecclesiastical hierarchy of jurisdiction. A church or chapel founded by the monarch or under his licence with the proviso that it should be merely in the gift of the patron, vested in the incumbent solely by the patron’s deed of donation, without presentation, institution or induction. In some cases donatives originated when an ecclesiastical body possessing ordinary jurisdiction was dissolved and the living passed to a layman. When a donative was subject to augmentation from Queen Anne’s Bounty it became subject to the diocesan’s authority.